Job Responsibilities Worksheet
The purpose of the Job Responsibilities Worksheet (JRW) is to document the current responsibilities of a position. It focuses on a specific position, provides details regarding the primary job duties and required competencies, and outlines the job scope and reporting structure.
The information provided in the JRW correlates to a staff job profile and level, therefore, it is important that the JRW accurately represent the way the position is currently functioning. The JRW also plays a key role in setting goals and expectations, as well as evaluating performance.
The employee and supervisor must discuss the position to ensure mutual understanding. The employee typically works with their supervisor to create their JRW. For newly created positions, the supervisor will complete the JRW to provide to their employee upon hire.
All sections of the JRW must be completed. Incomplete or missing information may lead to an inaccurate reflection of the nature of the position; and in the case of a job review request, may delay the process.
There are six main sections of the JRW. Click on the headings below to learn more about each section (printing this page will allow you to view this page in it's entirety):
1. Position Summary
In 2-4 sentences, provide a high level overview of the primary purpose of the position. Keep in mind you’ll be able to elaborate in more detail about the duties, scope, responsibilities later in the JRW.
Examples of well-written position summaries:
- “The purpose of this position is to serve as an admission counselor for Penn State World Campus. This includes interacting with prospective students via email, phone, webinars, and face-to-face, planning and coordinating recruitment events and communication campaigns, and coordinating the World Campus Alumni Ambassador Program.”
- “This position is responsible for the leadership, strategic direction, project management, and operations for the recently established Online Professional Education unit within Penn State Outreach and Online Education (Outreach). In addition to these strategic and operational roles, a significant portion of this resource must be devoted to developing and fostering high level relationships with University leaders within Outreach, the administration, and Colleges, including: Deans, Assoc. Deans, department heads, and faculty in order to understand potential opportunities within academic units and connect them to the most appropriate resource to help them address their needs.”
2. Primary Duties
List between three (3) and ten (10) primary duties of this position and estimate the percentage of time spent on each duty over a given period of time. When indicating the percentage of time spent on each duty, consider what is performed over a given period of time. Describe the position as it is being performed today and not as it might be in the future or as you think it should be (except in cases where a JRW is being completed for a vacant or new position).
Order the duties based on percentage of time, from most to least. The percentages must total 100%. Each duty should not be smaller than 5% or greater than 50%. The chart below provides assistance in determining percentage of time.
|% of Time||Day (8 hrs)||Week (40 hrs)||Month (173 hrs)||Quarter (520 hrs)||Year (2080 hrs)|
Strive to be accurate and concise in your answers. Be specific to the work being performed on a day-to-day basis. Use words which convey a good understanding of the work being performed rather than vague generalities.
Examples of well-written primary duties:
- “Assist faculty with routine requests such as scheduling conference rooms for meetings, prepare seminar announcement, and copy, assemble packets and folders of information.” (35%)
- “Provide leadership in decision making, resolving problems, developing procedures, initiating new programs and engaging faculty, students and staff to meet the goals of the unit. Participate in strategic planning for future faculty led programming which is the fastest area of growth in the Education Abroad unit.” (20%)
3. Position Scope
Briefly describe the extent or range of operation for the position. Provide examples of the size and degree of activity over which this position has control or has impact, such as size of budgets, level of fiscal responsibility (management vs. proxy), number of students, number of faculty supported, and extent of impact (if it is department-wide, college-wide, and/or University-wide).
Examples of well-written position scopes:
- “This position supports two tenured faculty, three fixed-term faculty, 22 part-time faculty, 86 residential undergraduate majors, 527 online undergraduate students, 32 residential graduate students, and 2000+ alumni.”
- “This position provides direct support and advocacy related to job and internship development for Career Services in the western region, which includes the following six campuses: Beaver, DuBois, Fayette, Greater Allegheny, New Kensington, and Shenango. The Career Services Specialist (Regional Job and Internship Developer) works directly with six Career Coordinators in the region.”
4. Competencies Required
Competencies are the identified set of knowledge, skills, abilities, and behaviors needed to perform a job successfully and that they can be measured and/or observed.
The five key competencies are:
Effective Knowledge - the sum total of education, training, skill and experience required to perform the job to the normally expected standard. This encompasses the depth, scope, integration, and application of skills within and outside the body of knowledge or specialty applicable to an individual job category.
Accountability and Self-Management - the degree to which a position requires self-direction and the degree of personal accountability required for the work accomplished. It involves responsibility for oversight and providing reports of actions, causes, and results.
Teamwork and Leadership - the degree to which a position must function in a group and the degree of leadership exercised.
Communication - the nature and scope of the communication activity required by a position on a regular basis.
Innovation and Problem Solving - the type of problem resolution, quality improvement activity and/or process and procedure development undertaken in the position.
At each level of a position, all five of these competencies are used, just in different ways.
Examples of competencies for management and non-management at various levels:
|Effective Knowledge||Level 2 example:
||Level 2 example:
|Accountability & Self-Management||Level 5 example:
||Level 3 example:
|Teamwork & Leadership||Level 1 example:
||Level 2 example:
|Communication||Level 4 example:
||Level 5 example:
|Innovation & Problem Solving||Level 3 example:
||Level 4 example:
By understanding what competencies are and how they fit into your position, you’ll be better equipped to complete your JRW. For additional information on how competencies translate in each level, review the in-depth Competency matrices found under the Additional Resources section below.
5. Supervisory Responsibilities
Select yes or no based on if this position has supervisory/management responsibilities for others. If this position has direct reports, indicate the number of full time staff employees reporting to this position along with the specific employees that the position supervises/manages. Direct reports are those employees for whom you have direct supervisory responsibility and report to you on a regular basis.
If you select yes, you’ll also select from one of the four options that best describes the position’s supervisory and "direction of work" responsibilities:
- Responsibilities limited to leading and directing the work of wage payroll, student, and/or temporary employees, or volunteers.
- Minimal or no supervisory responsibilities. As a technical/functional expert, may serve as a lead over other employees. Responsibilities may include training, directing or assigning work, providing input for evaluation of performance, assisting in the hiring of employees, etc.
- Supervisory responsibilities within a department or functional area. Responsibilities include coordinating, directing and assigning work and may also include participation in interviewing and selecting staff, evaluating employee performance including making recommendations regarding pay, performance, and disciplinary action.
- Full management position responsible for managing people within a department, unit, and/or subdivision. Responsibilities include workforce planning, authority for hiring/firing, interviewing, selecting, and training staff, making decisions regarding pay, performance and disciplinary action, etc. (These positions are assigned to a Manager profile).
6. Unit Peers
Peers can be defined many different ways:
- Most often, peers are performing similar work as you within your work unit. For example, you are an Administrative Support Assistant 3 working within a department with other Administrative Support Assistant 3s.
- Peers can also be those who perform similar work as you but in other areas of the University. For example, you are the only IT Manager at your campus but there are IT Managers at the other campuses. These could be considered peers.
- A peer may have a similar reporting structure as you but be in a different title. One example may be that you report to a manager within your college who oversees multiple areas. Your peers may be the other direct reports of this manager even though your titles are different and are responsible for different things. For example a Network Systems Specialist may list a peer who is a System Administrator who both report to the same manager. Another example may be that you report to a senior leader within your college and are responsible for Facilities. Your peers may be the other direct reports of the senior leader even though your titles are all different and are responsible for different things (Marketing, HR, Finance, etc.).
- It would not be totally uncommon if a work unit peer be classified one level higher or lower than you. Peers do not have to be the exact same level.
- In some instances, you may not have any peers to list. You may be in a very specialized field or you might not be aware that someone in a completely different college/unit/campus does something similar to your job.
Things to keep in mind when completing your JRW:
- Use this guide as well as other resources for idea generation when writing your JRW
- Use a factual and impersonal style when writing your JRW
- Write clear, concise, and complete sentences
- Begin each task with a present tense action verb
- Focus on key/critical responsibilities critical to the position
- Base the content on the responsibilities and duties of the position
- Use explanatory phrases telling why, how, where, or how often to add meaning and clarity
- Incorporate relevant information such as level of independent judgment, physical and mental effort, contacts, work complexity, equipment, and supervisory responsibilities.
- Generally include 4-6 responsibilities
- Cut and paste information from this guide, job profiles, matrices or any other reference tools
- Use narrative or first person form when writing your JRW
- Use unnecessary words that add fluff to the duty
- Base the content on what the person doing the job can or can’t do
- Write the JRW based on the desired classification outcome
- Write the JRW as a procedure manual on how to do the job
- Include minor or occasional tasks
- Job Responsibilities Worksheet (PDF version)
- Action Words
- Competencies Overview
- How to Update your JRW in the Online Tool
If you have further questions or concerns about completing and submitting your JRW, please contact your supervisor or your HR Consultant.